高考英语:完形填空的备考策略与应试技巧(中)

作者:王树振


应试技巧三:复现解题法

       这类题多为同义词、近义词和反义词的复现或同义词、近义词和反义词异形复现的形式。这种测试手法主要是考查考生的整体篇章意识和上下文推断能力。


9)In particular, there was (and perhaps still is) a belief in fairies. Not all of these __21__ are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and in some folk-tales they are __22__ and cause much human suffering.

        21. A. babies      B. believes     C. fairies         D. supermen

        22. A. powerful    B. cruel       C. frightened      D. extraordinary

【21. C项,同义原词的复现;22. B项,异形近义词的复现】


10)On August 26, 1999, New York City was struck by a terrible rainstorm. The rain caused the streets to __36__ and the subway system almost came to a stop.

       36. A. break       B. flood        C. sink          D. crash

【36. B项,异形近义词的复现】


11)Garth’s email was short, but I learned more from that __52__ message than I ever did from a textbook.

       A. accurate        B. urgent        C. brief          D. humorous

【52. C项,异形同义词的复现】


应试技巧四:固定搭配解题法

       这类题与语法结构题有点类似,但主要惯用搭配,讲究词与词的搭配,涉及到关联词、动词、副词、形容词、名词和短语等。


12) Telling him that he no longer needed to enjoy them but I still needed to write them, I __28__ until the day he graduated.

       28. A. held up             B. gave up               C. followed                D. continued

【28. D项。由句意可知,“尽管儿子不愿意再收到我的字条,但是我依然坚持写到他毕业为止。”这道题实际上是一道固定搭配题,其结构为not…until,但句中没有否定副词not,再则,若A、B两项短语用于这一结构中须与not连用,故不合题意;C项的followed应为及物动词,后面需加宾语方可,再则followed在此有歧义,也不合题意,由于continue是延续性动词,所以,无需否定副词,在这一固定搭配中只有瞬间动词才与not连用。】


13) He had spent those years well, graduating from college, __30__ two internships(实习) in Washington, D.C, and finally, becoming a technical assistant in Sacramento.

       30. A. organizing        B. planning              C. comparing       D. completing

【30. D项。大学毕业之后,又实习了两个学期,最后在萨克拉门托做一名技术助理。这儿指完成实习,故惟有completing符合题意。】